Area (square mi.): 27,750 sq km (147th biggest out of 249 in world)
Climate: tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds
Arable Land: 28.11%
Capital City: Port-au-Prince
Top 3 Cities:
Population: 9,035,536 total pop.
Density: 936.410 (/mi2)
Migration Rate: 2.07 migrant(s)/1,000
Growth Rate: 1.838%
CBR: 29.1 births/1,000
IMR: 59.69 deaths/1,000 (37 of 224)
CDR: 8.65 deaths/1,000
% Urbanized: 47 %
Life Expectancy: 60.78 Rank: 181 of 224
AIDS rate: approx 5% Rank: 28th worst of 224
Literacy Rate: (adults over 15) 52.9%
- 1/2 children unvacciated
- 40% have access to health care
- 90% of children suffer waterborne illness & parasites
French (spoken in professional sector)
- Haiti was discovered by Columbus
- 1600’s French import African slaves to work Haiti’s sugar and forest resources
- Culture mix of native Taino, French, and African elements.
Greeting: Alo (Hello)
Customs/Traditions: greet everyone in room, new acq. get handshake, everyone else kiss on cheek
Food: rice and beans every day, spicy foods popular, snack: bread & butter w/ jam, pork, goat, guinea pig, seafood
Family: parents lived w/ married children, single mother household very common, divorce rate is high
Clothing: prefer western style clothing, men – gold as status symbol.
Housing: built w/ whatever materials avail.
- primitive cinderblock, access to electricity & running water rare
Recreation: radios, love music, some have tv’s
- soccer, dominoes, cards popular
Religions: 80% Catholic, 16% Protestant
Haitian Vodou (voodoo) practiced in some degree by majority of Haitians (has legal status as religion)
Vodou is a religion that worships a deity, and tries to access family spirits through rituals whereby the spirits possess one’s body. There is a moral code, priests, and an elaborate set of rituals.
Most voodooists believe that their religion can coexist with Catholicism.
Black 95% – Mulatto and white 5%
GDP (ppp) 14.475 Billion World Rank: 112 of 163
GDP (ppp) per capita:$1,782.20 World Rank: 132 of 163
HDI Status: 0.532
HDI World Rank: Medium Dev. 149 of 182
Labor %: Agric.: 28 Indust.: 20 Services: 52
Unempl: N/A very high
% Below Poverty: 80%
Happy Planet Index: 50.8
HPI World Rank: 42 of 143
Type of govt.: Parliamentary Republic
Legal System: based on Roman civil law system
Freedom House Pol. Rights Score: 4
Civil Rights Score: 5
Freedom Index (circle): Partly Free
Press Freedom (circle): Partly Free
Corruption Perception Index: 1.8 World Rank: 168th worst of 180
Domestic/Regional Pol. Conflicts:
- history of pol. violence
- Feb. 2004 armed rebellion forces resig. of Pres. Aristide.
- 2006 democratically elected Pres.
- slums of Port-au-Prince called “the most dangerous place on Earth” by United Nations.
Jan 12th 7.0 Mag. earthquake. Estimates of dead from 150,000 – 300,000.
Much of country destroyed
1925 – 60% forestest – today less than 2% forest remains