Classification of the Distance of Migration
International Migration- permanent movement from one country to another
From this the catagory may be further divided. Voluntary migration implies that the migrant has relocated for economic improvement, unlike forced migration, which implies the migrant is attracted to area cultural factors.
Internal Migration- permanent movement from one country to another
This movement is severly less traumatic than moving from one country to another. Within this catergory is interregional migration, movement from one region of a country to another, and intraregional migration, movement within one region.
Relationship to Push/ Pull Factors
Push Factor- induces one to move out of their current location
Pull Factor- induces one to move into a new location
- Economic factors may induce an international migration push factor, for it is common for individual to move in search of economic opportunities. Most common is a relocation from places, such as Europe, Latin America & Asia, to the United States and Canada in search of economic prosperity.
- Cultural elements are more likely to result in international migration, also. The largest and most common cultural immigration has resulted from slavery and political stability. Poor cultural elements often result in refugees, individuals who migrate as a result of fear of prosecutions, as a result, will not return.
- Enviornmental factors cause individuals to feel pulled towards attractive regions and pushed away from hazardous ones. Warm climates are likes to be attractive to migrants. Contravery, one may not be compelled to an area of high sea level, as New Orleans.
Those level in an area within stage two of the demographic transition are more likely to migrate internationally, while individuals residing in countries within stage three and four of the transition.